Guernsey Pre-Decimal Coins
This page is a presentation of my modest collection of Guernsey coins. Only 'double' coinage (1830-1966) is covered, although I also have some decimal Guernsey coins. When organizing my collection I haven't been able to find illustrations for varieties of 1858/1864/1868 coins; only textual descriptions or very poor reproductions were available. I have then started to photograph my coins, and the images became a foundation for this work; hope it will be useful for Guernsey coin collectors. If you have something to add, please don't hesitate to write me. Corrections to my English are also welcome.
To view high-resolution photo, click on the image. Numbers prefixed by E refer to W. Exley work (see bibliography at the end of the page.) Remember the obverse is a side with shield of arms, and reverse is one with date.
William III, Victoria, Edward VII
George V, George VI, Elizabeth II
1 double 1830
Mintage 1,648,640. Copper. Coin alignment.
Varieties of this coin are described at separate page.
4 doubles 1830
Mintage 655,200. Copper. Coin alignment. This coins probably deserves more attention. Given mintage number, die variations might exist but I can't detect them between my three samples.
8 doubles 1834
Mintage 221,760. Copper. Coin alignment. Large, thick, quite heavy coin. At least two varieties (requires more investigation!). Reverse dies seem to be the same in my specimens. The coin is quite common.
2 doubles 1858
4 doubles 1858
Mintage 114,060. Copper. Coin alignment. Two varieties; E6 seems to be more common.
For quite some time I was puzzled as to what are the real differences between E5 and E6. Finally I have been able to obtain both varieties and can confirm that right leaf on E6 is lower than on E5, and spacing of "GUERNESEY" is different. The latter isn't easy to spot, so checking leaves is a better option. Even easier is to examine the position of the middle leaf: it clearly points to the dot on E5 and between the dots on E6. Here's an illustration; E5 is on the left. Note the distance between the right leaf and the shield of arms.
8 doubles 1858
Mintage 111,469. Copper. Coin alignment. Three varieties, easy to differentiate by obverse. Reverse dies of E7 and E8 are the same in my specimens, but the reverse of E7A differs.
4 doubles 1864
Mintage 212,976. Bronze. Seven or more varieties. Medal alignment. Dies are described at separate page. E9-E9D have one stalk and E10-E10A have three stalks on shield leaves.
8 doubles 1864
Mintage 284,736. Bronze. Medal alignment, often rotated by 15-20 degrees. Six obverse and seven reverse dies; 11 combinations according W. Exley. Dies are described at separate page.
1 double 1868
Mintage 64,368. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.
2 doubles 1868
Mintage 35,136. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.
4 doubles 1868
Mintage 57,696. Bronze. Two varieties. Coin alignment.
The simplest way to differentiate between types 1 and 2 is to measure the length of date, but when you can only see image of a coin on online auction site, you can't measure length of date! Check the distance between D in DOUBLES and the rim; on type 2 this space is just enough to fit another D while on type 1 it is significantly larger (see illustration below; type 1 is above).
On my specimens obverse dies are also different in Type 1 and Type 2; note the distance between the head of the top lion and edge of a shield.
8 doubles 1868
Mintage 54,720. Bronze. Coin alignment. Five varieties described by W. Marshall-Fraser; Exley only traced types I and III. Same reverse for all varieties, only obverse differs.
2 doubles 1874
Mintage 45,216. Bronze. Coin alignment. Three varieties. Obverse dies of E32 and E33A seem to be the same. Types E33 and E33A can be the same coin; ghost in E33A is small and could go unnoticed. I have yet to see E33 (long date without the ghost).
Differentiating between long and narrow dates is easy; look not at the length of date which is not obvious but compare the distance between D of "DOUBLES" and the rim. On Type I another D can be fitted between D and rim.
4 doubles 1874
Mintage 69,216. Bronze. Coin alignment.
8 doubles 1874
Mintage 73,248. Bronze. Coin alignment. The numbers of dies and varieties are not fully known; see details at a separate page.
1 double 1885
2 doubles 1885
4 doubles 1885
8 doubles 1885
1 double 1889
2 doubles 1889
4 doubles 1889
Mintage 103,744. Bronze. Medal alignment. Two varieties.
The difference between Types 1 and 2. Type 1 is above, type 2 below.
8 doubles 1889
Mintage 215,620. Bronze. Medal alignment. Two varieties.
The difference between types 1 and 2 is quite subtle, so here's a detailed illustration. Type 1 is above, type 2 below. Look at the position of digit 9.
1 double 1893
4 doubles 1893
8 doubles 1893
Mintage 117,600. Bronze. Medal alignment. Three varieties.
Types 1 and 2 can be easily differentiated by looking at the outline of digits 9 and 3 in date. Type 1 is at left, type 2 at right. Obverse dies seem to be the same on my E52 and E53 specimens.
1 double 1899
Mintage 56,000. Bronze. Coin alignment.
2 doubles 1899
1 double 1902
2 doubles 1902
4 doubles 1902
Mintage 104,534. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties (discovered by myself).
8 doubles 1902
Reverse dies are slightly different in two of my specimens; the difference is quite minor. This requires more investigations.
1 double 1903
Mintage 112,000. Bronze. Two varieties. Coin alignment.
How to recognize types 1 and 2: check the distance between 0 and 3. Type 1 is above, type 2 below.
2 doubles 1903
4 doubles 1903
8 doubles 1903
2 doubles 1906
4 doubles 1906
2 doubles 1908
4 doubles 1908
4 doubles 1910
8 doubles 1910
1 double 1911
Mintage 134,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties (old and new shield design). Half of the mintage has old design and other half has new.
2 doubles 1911
4 doubles 1911
8 doubles 1911
1 double 1914
2 doubles 1914
4 doubles 1914
8 doubles 1914
2 doubles 1917
Mintage 14,524. Bronze. Coin alignment. The smallest mintage of the series.
2 doubles 1918
4 doubles 1918
8 doubles 1918
2 doubles 1920
4 doubles 1920
8 doubles 1920
Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.
The close-up of the date in my two samples. Both images are aligned on the word DOUBLES.
1 double 1929
2 doubles 1929
Mintage 79,100. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.
1 double 1933
8 doubles 1934
Mintage 123,600. Bronze. Coin alignment. Three varieties.
Here's an illustration of difference between E91 (top) and E91A (bottom). Look at the position of digit 9 relative to red line. Alignment of other digits is also different.
1 double 1938
Mintage 96,000. Bronze. Coin alignment.
8 doubles 1938
Mintage 120,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.
The difference between types 1 and 2 is quite minor. Check the position of digit 1 relative to the red line.
4 doubles 1945
8 doubles 1945
8 doubles 1947
4 doubles 1949
8 doubles 1949
4 doubles 1956Proof from the set:
8 doubles 1956Proof from the set:
3 pence 1956Proof from the set:
8 doubles 1959
3 pence 1959
4 doubles 1966
8 doubles 1966
3 pence 1966
10 shillings 1966Proof from the set:
W. Exley. Guernsey Coinage (A Historical and Numismatic Monograph). Revised edition, May 1969. 'E'+numbers are from this work. The original with latest author's corrections is now in my possession. [Available for download from Bill Exley]
Standard Catalogue of British Coins, volume 2. Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Man & Lundy). Pre-Decimal Issues. Third Edition. Spink & Son Ltd., 2015.
D.L.F. Sealy. The Guernsey Eight Doubles of 1864. BNJ 33 (1964), 164-7. [Download from BN Soc. Journal]
W. Marshall-Fraser. The coinages of the Channel Islands. Transactions of La Societe Guernesiaise, Vol. XIV, Part 3, p.298, 1948. A copy can be obtained from La Societe or from Guernsey State Archives (firstname.lastname@example.org). Thirty five pages of quite interesting information.
F. Pridmore. Coins of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Part I European Territories. 1960. [Note: I don't have it!]
From the archive of W.Exley
W. Exley. Corrections to book "Guernsey Coinage". [Download]
W. Exley. Guernsey Coinage. Coin Monthly, June-July 1969. [Download]
W. Exley. Excerpt from article in Coin Monthly, Aug 1977. [Download]
W. Exley. Handwritten note on 8 doubles 1868 E27A variety. [Download]
A. Ritchie. Guernsey 4 doubles 1864. Coins, December 1972 [Download]
D.J.Jones. Guernsey and its coinage. Coin Year Book, 1980 [Download]
A. Dowle. Collecting coins of the Channel Islands; J. Matthews. Ancient coins of the Channel Islands. Coin Digest, July/August 1970. [Download]
Cutouts from papers, circa 1968-1972. [Download]
Copyright (C) 2020-2023 Sergey Ayukov <email@example.com>.
Address of this page: http://www.ayukov.com/cointalks/guernsey/guernsey.html