Guernsey Pre-Decimal Coins

This page is a presentation of my modest collection of Guernsey coins. Only 'double' coinage (1830-1959) is covered, although I also have some decimal Guernsey coins. When organizing my collection I haven't been able to find illustrations for varieties of 1858/1864/1868 coins; only textual descriptions or very poor reproductions were available. I have then started to photograph my coins, and the images became a foundation for this work; hope it will be useful for Guernsey coin collectors. If you have something to add, please don't hesitate to write me. Corrections to my English are also welcome.

To view high-resolution photo, click on the image. Numbers prefixed by E refer to W. Exley work (see bibliography at the end of the page.) Remember the obverse is a side with shield of arms, and reverse is one with date.

William III, Victoria, Edward VII

1 double 1830 1868 1885 1889 1893 1899 1902 1903
2 doubles 1858 1868 1874 1885 1889 1899 1902 1903 1906 1908
4 doubles 1830 1858 1864 1868 1874 1885 1889 1893 1902 1903 1906 1908 1910
8 doubles 1834 1858 1864 1868 1874 1885 1889 1893 1902 1903 1910

George V, George VI, Elizabeth II

1 double 1911 1914 1929 1933 1938
2 doubles 1911 1914 1917 1918 1920 1929
4 doubles 1911 1914 1918 1920 1945 1949 1956
8 doubles 1911 1914 1918 1920 1934 1938 1945 1947 1949 1956 1959

1 double 1830

Mintage 1,648,640. Copper. Two varieties. Coin alignment.

E1. Common variety, easy to find. There's a miniscule dot before date on one of my specimens. The dot is very, very small. Open high-resolution photo to see it. I have also closely examined my specimens and can say that their reverse dies are different (check the outlines of font in "DOUBLE"); obverse dies might be different also (check G in "GUERNESEY"), but I am not so sure. This requires further investigation!

E1A. Dot before date. This one is rare and quite expensive. The dot is large and aligned nearly with bottom of date. Numista quotes rarity of this variety as 4%. Sample image: https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=714&lot=50.

4 doubles 1830

E2. Mintage 655,200. Copper. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1834

Mintage 221,760. Copper. Coin alignment. Large, thick, quite heavy coin. At least two varieties (requires more investigation!). I have closely examined the reverse dies of my E3 and E3A specimens and reverse dies seem to be the same.

E3. Normal. Long stem of top leaves on obverse.

E3A. Close crosslet. The stem of top leaves is nearly absent (compare with E3).

E3B. Mentioned by unknown collector. Disconnected top left berry on obverse. It could be regular strike fault or different die. It should be noted that this might be the same obverse as E3A. My specimen which I labelled as E3A has close crosslet and disconnected berry.

2 doubles 1858

E4. Mintage 56,128. Copper. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1858

Mintage 114,060. Copper. Coin alignment. Two varieties.

E5. Type 1. Legend (Guernsey) more spaced. The 3 leaves surmounting shield are well clear.

E6. Type 2. Legend (Guernsey) closely spaced. The leaves surmounting shield are low and nearly touching.

8 doubles 1858

Mintage 111,469. Copper. Coin alignment. Three varieties, easy to differentiate by obverse. Reverse dies of E7 and E8 are the same in my specimens, but the reverse of E7A differs.

E7. Normal. Bow on reverse is normal. Stem of first inner top-left berry on obverse comes from the main stem.

E7A. Top of bow on reverse is squashed down. Stem of first inner top-left berry on obverse comes from top of leaf.

E8. No berry to left of bow on obverse.

4 doubles 1864

Mintage 212,976. Bronze. Four or five varieties. Medal alignment.

E9. Type 1. One stalk to shield leaves. This one is the commonest.

E9A. Small lions. Mentioned by an unknown collector.

E9B. Obverse: ghost 5 over 4. Reverse: one stalk to shield leaves.

E10. Type 2. Three stalks to shield leaves. I haven't seen it.

E10A. Obverse: ghost 5 over 4. Reverse: three stalks to shield leaves.

8 doubles 1864

Mintage 284,736. Bronze. Medal alignment, often rotated by 15-20 degrees. Six obverse and seven reverse dies; 11 combinations according W. Exley. Dies are described at separate page.

E11. Dies A+1. Rotated medal alignment.

E12. Dies A+2.

E13. Dies A*+2. Rusted state of die A. Rotated medal alignment.

E14. Dies B+2. Rotated medal alignment.

E15. Dies B+3. Rotated medal alignment.

E16. Dies C+3.

E17. Dies C+3a.

E18. Dies D+3. Straight medal alignment.

E19. Dies D+4.

E19A. Dies D1+4 (E. Matthes, 1968).

E20. Dies E+5. Sealy marks this as commonest.

1 double 1868

Mintage 64,368. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.

E21. Type 1. Normal. Obverse legend is very weak on my specimen.

E22. Type 2. Most sources describe this variety as "date overprinted on 1830 rev," but this does not seem likely. Read excellent analysis by Thulium, member of World of Coins forum.

2 doubles 1868

Mintage 35,136. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.

E23. 1 stalk to crest leaves.

E24. 3 stalks to crest leaves.

4 doubles 1868

Mintage 57,696. Bronze. Two varieties. Coin alignment. I am not 100% sure that my specimen is of Type 2. I have encountered image on online auction in which '1' of date is slightly further to left of the rest of the date and '8' of date is fully clear of E of "DOUBLE."

E25. Type 1. Date normal spacing, 9 mm.

E26. Type 2. Long date, 10 mm.

8 doubles 1868

Mintage 54,720. Bronze. Coin alignment. Five varieties described by M. Frazer; Exley only traced types I and III. Same reverse for all varieties, only obverse differs.

E27. Type I. Obv Left 11 L 5B as 3-4-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev Left 13 L 7B as 3-3-4-3, 2-2-2-1. Rev Right 12 L 7B as 3-3-3-3, 2-2-2-1.

E27A. Severely disjointed wreath stem on obv, right side. Stem hits 3rd leaf in centre of it. Mentioned by unknown collector 27/01/1978.

E28. Type II. Obv Left 11 L 4B as 3-4-4, 2-2. Obv Right 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type I.

E29. Type III. Obv Left 12 L 4B as 3-5-4, 2-2. Obv Right 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type I.

E30. Type IV. Obv Left 12 L 5B as 3-5-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type I.

E31. Type V. Obv Left 11 L 6B as 3-4-4, 2-2-2. Obv 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type I.

2 doubles 1874

Mintage 45,216. Bronze. Coin alignment. Three varieties. Obverse dies of E32 and E33A seem to be the same.

E32. Type I. Short date. 7 mm. This specimen needs cleaning.

E33. Type II. Long date. 9 mm.

E33A. 4 over 5; ghost is small but recognizable.

4 doubles 1874

Mintage 69,216. Bronze. Coin alignment.

E34. Normal.

E34A. Long date. Mentioned by an unknown collector.

8 doubles 1874

Mintage 73,248. Bronze. Coin alignment. Five varieties. Exley wasn't able to trace Types IV and V.

E35. Type I. Obv Left 12 L 5 B as 3-5-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev Left 13 L 7B as 3-3-4-3, 2-2-2-1. Rev Right 13 L 7B as 3-3-3-4, 2-2-2-1.

E36. Type II. Obv Left 13 L 5 B as 3-6-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5 B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type I. Slightly rotated coin alignment in my specimen.

E37. Type III. Obv Left 12 L 5 B as 3-5-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5 B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev Left 13 L 7 B as 3-3-4-3, 2-2-2-1. Rev Right 12 L 7 B as 3-3-3-3, 2-2-2-1.

E38. Type IV. Obv Left 11 L 5 B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5 B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type III.

E39. Type V. Obv Left 14 L 5 B as 4-6-4, 2-2-1. Obv Right 11 L 5 B as 2-1-4-4, 1-1-2-1. Rev as Type III.

1 double 1885

E40. Mintage 76,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1885

E41. Mintage 76,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1885

E42. Mintage 69,696. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1885

E43. Mintage 69,696. Bronze. Coin alignment.

1 double 1889

E44. Mintage 112,016. Bronze. Medal alignment. I have two of them, second one shows some signs of die deterioration.

2 doubles 1889

E45. Mintage 35,616. Bronze. Medal alignment.

4 doubles 1889

Mintage 103,744. Bronze. Medal alignment. Two varieties.

E46. Type 1. Normal.

E47. Type 2. 9 of date is closer to 8 and higher than rest of date.

The difference between Types 1 and 2. Type 1 is above, type 2 below.

8 doubles 1889

Mintage 215,620. Bronze. Medal alignment. Two varieties.

E48. Type 1. Normal.

E49. Type 2. 9 of date seems to be stuck up above the rest of date, making it stand out, also curl of 9 at bottom is tighter than Type 1.

The difference between types 1 and 2 is quite subtle, so here's a detailed illustration. Type 1 is above, type 2 below. Look at the position of digit 9.

1 double 1893

E50. Mintage 56,016. Bronze. Medal alignment.

4 doubles 1893

E51. Mintage 52,224. Bronze. Medal alignment.

8 doubles 1893

Mintage 117,600. Bronze. Medal alignment. Three varieties.

E52. Type 1. Normal.

E52A. Bar in mintmark missing. Mentioned by an unknown collector. I have seen such coins being sold on online auctions, but whether it is a different die or just E52 with bar removed, I don't know.

E53. Type 2. Larger "DOUBLE" letters, larger date numbers.

Types 1 and 2 can be easily differentiated by looking at the outline of digits 9 and 3 in date. Type 1 is at left, type 2 at right. Obverse dies seem to be the same on my E52 and E53 specimens.

1 double 1899

Mintage 56,000. Bronze. Coin alignment.

E54. Normal. My specimen looks like it was gilded in the past.

E54a. Second 9 of date much closer spaced.

2 doubles 1899

E55. Mintage 35,636. Bronze. Coin alignment.

1 double 1902

E56. Mintage 84,000. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1902

E57. Mintage 17,818. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1902

E58. Mintage 104,534. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1902

E59. Mintage 235,200. Bronze. Coin alignment.

1 double 1903

Mintage 112,000. Bronze. Two varieties. Coin alignment.

E60. Type 1. Normal date spacing.

E61. Type 2. The 3 of date is closer to the 0.

How to recognize types 1 and 2: check the distance between 0 and 3. Type 1 is above, type 2 below.

2 doubles 1903

E62. Mintage 17,828. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1903

E63. Mintage 52,267. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1903

E64. Mintage 117,600. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1906

E65. Mintage 17,820. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1906

E66. Mintage 52,266. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1908

E67. Mintage 17,780. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1908

E68. Mintage 25,760. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1910

E69. Mintage 52,267. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1910

E70. Mintage 91,467. Bronze. Coin alignment.

1 double 1911

Mintage 134,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties (old and new shield design). Half of the mintage has old design and other half has new.

E71. Old shield (lions).

E72. New shield (leopards).

2 doubles 1911

E73. Mintage 28,509. Bronze. Coin alignment. Old shield.

4 doubles 1911

E74. Mintage 52,267. Bronze. Coin alignment. Old shield.

8 doubles 1911

E75. Mintage 78,400. Bronze. Coin alignment. Old shield.

1 double 1914

E76. Mintage 44,800. Bronze. Coin alignment. This one is quite scarce.

2 doubles 1914

E77. Mintage 28,509. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1914

E78. Mintage 209,067. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1914

E79. Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment (slightly rotated).

2 doubles 1917

Mintage 14,524. Bronze. Coin alignment. The smallest mintage of the series.

E80. Type 1. Date spacing equal, normal type.

E80A. Type 2. The 7 in date is much closer to the 1.

2 doubles 1918

E81. Mintage 57,018. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1918

E82. Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1918

E83. Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1920

E84. Mintage 57,018. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1920

E85. Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1920

Mintage 156,800. Bronze. Coin alignment.

E86. Normal.

E86a. Raised 0 in date, leans forward. Mentioned by an unknown collector.

1 double 1929

E87. Mintage 79,100. Bronze. Coin alignment.

2 doubles 1929

Mintage 79,100. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.

E88. Type 1. Normal. I have two specimens.

E89. Type 2. 'H' mint mark offset from centre (higher than Type 1).

1 double 1933

E90. Mintage 96,000. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1934

Mintage 123,600. Bronze. Coin alignment. Three varieties.

E91. Normal.

E91A. 9 in the date higher and out of alignment.

E92. Proof-like version, minted in 1935 but bearing the date 1934, mintage 500. Quite rare due to low mintage.

Here's an illustration of difference between E91 (top) and E91A (bottom). Look at the position of digit 9 relative to red line. Alignment of other digits is also different.

1 double 1938

Mintage 96,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties.

E93. Normal.

E93a. Wide spaced 8 in date (note the distance between digits 3 and 8).

8 doubles 1938

Mintage 120,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Two varieties. I am not 100% sure that my specimen is of Type 2.

E94. Type 1. Normal.

E95. Type 2. 1 in date higher and out of alignment. This one seems to be more common.

4 doubles 1945

E96. Mintage 96,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Note that date is engraved in different font.

8 doubles 1945

E97. Mintage 192,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. Note that date is engraved in different font.

8 doubles 1947

E98. Mintage 240,000. Bronze. Coin alignment. One of my two specimens has strange defect on reverse; part of wreath to right is missing. Both obverse and reverse dies seem to be the same, so this defect is probably strike fault.

4 doubles 1949

E99. Mintage 19,200. Bronze. Coin alignment.

8 doubles 1949

E100. Mintage 230,400. Bronze. Coin alignment.

4 doubles 1956

E102. Mintage 240,000. Bronze. New design. Coin alignment. Proof exists, mintage 1,050.

8 doubles 1956

E103. Mintage 480,000. Bronze. New design. Medal alignment. Proof exists, mintage 1,050.

8 doubles 1959

E105. Mintage 480,000. Bronze. Medal alignment.

Bibliography

1. W. Exley. Guernsey Coinage (A Historical and Numismatic Monograph). Revised edition, May 1969. 'E'+numbers are from this work.

2. Standard Catalogue of British Coins, volume 2. Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Man & Lundy). Pre-Decimal Issues. Third Edition. Spink & Son Ltd., 2015.

3. D.L.F. Sealy. The Guernsey Eight Doubles of 1864. BNJ 33 (1964), 164-7. [Download from BN Soc. Journal]

4. W. Marshall-Fraser. Report and Transactions of La Societe Guernesiaise, 1948. [Note: I don't have it!]

5. F. Pridmore. Coins of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Part I European Territories. 1960. [Note: I don't have it!]


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